Volume 3, Issue 4 (2017)                   IEM 2017, 3(4): 132-136 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
2- Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
3- Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari IR Iran
4- Laboratory Science Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, IR Iran|Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch. Isfahan, IR Iran
5- Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Paramedicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, IR Iran
6- Department of Parasitology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR Iran
7- Students' Research Committee, Islamic Azad Univesity, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Tehran, IR Iran
Abstract:   (1157 Views)
Background: Enterobious vermicularis (E. vermicularis) is one the most common parasitic infection among children.
Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of enterobiasis among preschool children in Mazandaran province, northern Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this cross–sectional study, 653 preschool children were recruited via the cluster sampling method during April 2013 to Feb 2014. A questionnaire was administrated to parents by an interviewer and determined children’s socio-demographic characteristics, personal hygiene, and healthy behaviors. The Graham technique was applied for diagnosis. Data were analyzed using logistic regression model and chi-square test.
Results: In a total of 653 examined subjects, the prevalence rate of E. vermicularis was 19.4%, among which 40.9% were male, and 59.1% were female.  The highest and lowest prevalence rates of E. vermicularis were found in Neka (61.4%) and Tonekabon (1.6%) districts, respectively. A significant association was found between infection and residency, parental occupations, parental education, number of family members, changing underwear, sterilization of linen clothing, taking daily bath, boiling or ironing clothes.
Conclusions: The high prevalence rate of E. vermicularis infection in this study proves the stability status of enterobiasis in this area, posing a risk for children there. Systematic control of infection in children is proposed.
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Received: 2017/08/22 | Accepted: 2017/11/11 | Published: 2017/12/1