Volume 7, Issue 4 (2021)                   IEM 2021, 7(4): 305-310 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaei A, Javanmardi F, Pirbonyeh N, Parsa H R, Eskandari kootahi Z, Emami A. Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli Isolated from Early-Onset Sepsis in Shiraz, Iran. IEM 2021; 7 (4) :305-310
URL: http://iem.modares.ac.ir/article-4-54497-en.html
1- Vice-Chancellor for Treatment, health system research department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2- Microbiology Department, Burn & Wound Healing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;
3- Department of child and infant health, Shiraz University of Medical science, Shiraz, Iran
4- Microbiology Department, Burn & Wound Healing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; , emami.microbia@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1022 Views)
Backgrounds: Neonatal sepsis is a clinical syndrome in neonates, which is an uncommon but significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of sepsis caused by Escherichia coli and its antibiotic resistance pattern as well as to assess the potential risk factors in neonates and maternal characteristics in Shiraz.
Material & Method: This retrospective study was performed on infants with sepsis in the first three days of life during February 2019 to March 2021. Patients' information was obtained using their hospital records and a questionnaire. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS software Ver. 18.0. A p-value <.05 was considered as statistically significant
Findings: During this study, a total of 250 positive blood cultures were reported for infants less than 3 days old. Of these, 21(8.4%) E. coli strains were isolated from 14 preterm and 7 term neonates. In all patients, the most effective antibiotic was meropenem, and the highest resistance was observed to cefoxitin.
Conclusion: Base on the present study results, E. coli is the most prevalent Gram-negative bacterium isolated in Shiraz. Premature birth and very low weight are the most important risk factors for developing early-onset sepsis.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bacteriology
Received: 2021/07/31 | Accepted: 2021/09/28 | Published: 2021/11/19

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