Volume 7, Issue 1 (2021)                   IEM 2021, 7(1): 1-15 | Back to browse issues page


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Danesh M, Rahimi F. Characterization of Biofilm Producing Staphylococcus epidermidis Strains Isolated from Patients and Healthy People. IEM. 2021; 7 (1) :1-15
URL: http://iem.modares.ac.ir/article-4-48862-en.html
1- Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Science and Technology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2- Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Science and Technology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran , fateh.rahimi@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (37 Views)
Background: Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates are among the most important causes of nosocomial infections and could be classified as health threatening agents. This study aimed to determine the biofilm formation ability and clonal dissemination of S. epidermidis strains isolated from patients and healthy people in Isfahan during 2016 and 2017.
Materials & Methods: A total of 139 and 123 suspected colonies of S. epidermidis were collected from different clinical specimens and the arm of healthy people, respectively. The ability to form biofilm was determined using a combination of Congo-red agar (CRA) and microtiter plate (MTP) assays. The presence of genes involved in biofilm formation was also tested by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. The susceptibility of all strains to 12 antibiotics was evaluated using the disk diffusion method according to the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Moreover, all biofilm-producing strains were typed using PhenePlate system as well as cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) and accessory gene regulator (agr) locus typing method.
Findings: A total of 43 biofilm-producing S. epidermidis strains were identified among 107 and 123 confirmed strains isolated from hospitalized patients and healthy people, respectively; all of which were positive for aap gene, and the presence of ica operon was limited to 86 and 27% of the strains isolated from patients and healthy people, respectively. All the strains showed susceptibility to vancomycin, quinupristin-dalfopristin, and linezolid. Moreover, SCCmec Types III, IV, and V were detected among all methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis (MRSE) strains, and agr Type I was the most frequent one. Among all biofilm-positive strains, 3 common types (CTs) and 7 single types (STs) were determined;  CT1 and CT2 were the most common types among the strains isolated from hospitalized patients and healthy people.
Conclusion: These findings indicated the presence and persistence of diverse clone types of biofilm-producing S. epidermidis strains with common types of PhP, agr, and SCCmec in the hospital and the community of Isfahan.
Full-Text [PDF 706 kb]   (16 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bacteriology
Received: 2021/01/2 | Accepted: 2021/01/23 | Published: 2021/01/4

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