Volume 7, Issue 2 (2021)                   IEM 2021, 7(2): 187-196 | Back to browse issues page

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Ilesanmi O, Oton E, Afolabi A. Community Engagement in the Prevention and Control of Lassa Fever in Africa: A Systematic Review. IEM 2021; 7 (2) :187-196
URL: http://iem.modares.ac.ir/article-4-49812-en.html
1- 1Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. 2Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
2- Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
3- Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria , afoannade@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2258 Views)
Backgrounds: This study aimed to determine community-initiated Lassa fever prevention and control strategies in Africa.
Materials & Methods: Literature search was performed on four databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, African Journal OnLine (AJOL), and BioMed Central, using different combinations of the following search terms. A three-stage methodology was employed to conduct the study. At first, related articles were identified using pre-defined key terms, such as Lassa fever, Lassa fever control, Lassa fever prevention, community engagement and Lassa fever, and community participation and Lassa fever. Thereafter, articles were screened to remove duplicates and articles not relevant to the study objectives.
Findings: Community mobilization and sensitization and risk communication were some of the community-directed activities towards Lassa fever prevention and control. Also, stakeholders’ advocacy and engagement, rodent control practices, environmental sanitation, and proper food processing and preservation were practiced to prevent Lassa fever. In addition, a referral mechanism from the community to the health facility was constituted through the engagement of community health workers.
Conclusion: Health program managers should strive to provoke coordinated and sustainable community-initiated efforts to improve rodent preventive and control measures. Strategies should be developed and implemented to promote environmental sanitation and restrict cultural practices facilitating contact with rodents or infected persons.
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Article Type: Systematic Review | Subject: Parasitology
Received: 2021/02/2 | Accepted: 2021/03/30 | Published: 2021/05/20

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