Volume 8, Issue 1 (2022)                   IEM 2022, 8(1): 35-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghobahi M, Heidari B, Arfaatabar M, Aghel E, Rahimi F, Yazdanpanah M, et al . Studying the Relationship between COVID-19 and Clinical, Laboratory, and Demographic Data in Patients Referring to Shahid Rajaei Governmental Health Centers in Bandar Lengeh. IEM 2022; 8 (1) :35-42
URL: http://iem.modares.ac.ir/article-4-54735-en.html
1- Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical, Sciences Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical, Sciences Bandar Abbas, Iran
3- Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Kashan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashan, Iran
4- Shohada hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical, Sciences Bandar Abbas, Iran.
5- Vice Chancellor for Clinical Affairs, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
6- Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , ZFK579@gmail.com
Abstract:   (918 Views)
Background: Many factors are involved in the development of SARS-CoV-2 infection in individuals in each region, such as physiological conditions, underlying diseases, and observance of personal protection and hygiene; therefore, this study aimed to investigate factors affecting the incidence of COVID-19 in Bandar Lengeh, Hormozgan province, southern Iran.
Materials & Methods: Blood samples and demographic information were collected from suspected COVID-19 patients referring to Shahid Rajaei governmental health centers in Bandar Lengeh city. Hematological, biochemical, and serological tests were performed on the samples. PCR experiment was conducted to confirm SARS-CoV-2 infection. The thorax computed tomography (CT) was performed for all patients.
Findings: According to the PCR test results, the prevalence rate of SARS-CoV-2 infection was 26.92% among 130 individuals enrolled in this study. SARS-CoV-2 infection was more prevalent among clerks than in other occupational groups (p=0.017). Increased ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and decreased WBC (white blood cell), lymphocyte, and platelet counts were evident in COVID-19 patients. Also, the prevalence of COVID-19 infection was higher in patients with blood group A (33.3%) than in patients with other blood groups. The CRP (C-reactive protein) test was positive for 31 patients whose PCR test was positive for SARS-CoV-2. In addition, LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) level was higher in infected individuals compared to other participants (p=0.018).
Conclusion: In addition to the PCR test result, the most effective factors for diagnosing COVID-19 patients best on blood tests were as follows: increased CRP, ESR, and LDH levels and decreased WBC, lymphocyte, and platelet counts.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Virology
Received: 2021/08/10 | Accepted: 2021/11/12 | Published: 2022/02/21

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